Annual Report 2015

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Aircraft Fleet

Fleet Development Strategy

Aeroflot Group operates a balanced aircraft fleet and keeps on upgrading it in line with its multi-brand business development strategy.

Over the last five years the Group has invested much effort in standardisation and upgrade of the fleet to improve the efficiency of its airlines. In 2011–2015, the types of aircraft in operation reduced from 18 to 11.

Aeroflot Group aircraft fleet evolution
Aeroflot Group aircraft fleet evolution

Active development, standardisation and optimisation of the aircraft fleet helped decrease its average age. Between 2011 and 2015, the average age of aircraft in operation dropped from 10.4 to 6.4 years for Aeroflot Group and from 5.3 to 4.4 years for Aeroflot airline (as at the year end). Aeroflot airline’s fleet is one of the youngest in the world.

262
aircraft
in Aeroflot Group fleet (as at 31 December 2015)
4.4 years
average age of Aeroflot airline fleet
Number of aircraft in Aeroflot Group fleet as at the year end
Note: As at the end of 2011, 26 aircraft operated by subsidiaries were out of operation as they were being prepared to be phased out.
Average age of aircraft fleet in operation, years
Average age of aircraft fleet in operation, years

Aeroflot Group’s approach to fleet management maximises the efficiency of fleet standardisation. For instance, Rossiya, Donavia, and Aurora airlines use Airbus A320 aircraft on their scheduled flights, which enables them to offer passengers a uniform product. The fleet of Pobeda low-cost carrier is completely comprised of Boeing 737-800 aircraft. This type of aircraft is also used by Orenair on charter and tourist flights. The airline uses long-haul Boeing 777-200ERs for flights to remote resorts.

At the same time, it was deemed expedient that Aeroflot airline, which has a larger aircraft fleet and focuses on the premium market segment, should use both Airbus and Boeing aircraft, specifically, medium-haul A320 Family and 737 Family airliners, respectively.

For long-haul flights Aeroflot airline uses Airbus and Boeing aircraft in different passenger capacity classes: Airbus A330 Family (250–300 seat class) and Boeing 777-300ERs (400 seat class).

Aeroflot Group Aircraft Fleet

As at 31 December 2015, Aeroflot Group had 262 aircraft: 42 regional aircraft (including An-24, Bombardier DHC 8, and DHC 6 turboprops along with SSJ100 and An-148 jets), 181 narrow-body aircraft for medium-haul flights (Airbus A320 Family and Boeing 737 Family) and 39 wide-body long-haul aircraft (Airbus A330s, Boeing 767s and Boeing 777s).

During 2015, 27 aircraft (three Boeing 777s, thirteen Boeing 737s, eight SSJ100s, and three Airbus 319s) were added to the Group’s fleet. Following expiry of the lease period in 2015 and in line with Aeroflot Group’s fleet optimisation in response to the changing market environment, 26 airliners were phased out. Thus, in 2015, the net increase in the Group’s fleet ammounted to by one aircraft.

narrow-body (regional) aircraft
42
narrow-body
(regional)
aircraft
SSJ100
DHC 8-300
DHC 8-200
АН-24
АН-148
DHC 6-400
DHC 8-402
narrow-body (medium-haul) aircraft
181
narrow-body
(medium-haul)
aircraft
AIRBUS A319
AIRBUS A321
AIRBUS A320
BOEING 737-500
BOEING 737-800
wide-body (long-haul) aircraft
39
wide-body
(long-haul)
aircraft
BOEING 767
AIRBUS A330-200
BOEING 777-200ER
BOEING 777-300ER
AIRBUS A330-300
Aeroflot Group aircraft fleet
Type of aircraft Aircraft fleet as at 31 December 2014 Change during the year Aircraft fleet as at 31 December 2015 Owned Operating lease Finance lease
phased in phased out
An-148 6 6 6
An-24 1 1 1
DHC 6–400 2 2 2
DHC 8–200 3 –1 2 2
DHC 8–300 4 4 1 3
DHC 8–402 3 3 3
SSJ100 16 8 24 24
Mi-8 (helicopter) 3 –3
Narrow-body (regional) 35 11 –4 42 5 31 6
Airbus А319 39 3 –2 40 29 11
Airbus А320 75 –5 70 69 1
Airbus А321 26 26 5 21
Boeing 737-200 2 –2
Boeing 737-500 3 3 3
Boeing 737-800 38 13 –9 42 42
Narrow-body (Medium-haul) 183 16 –18 181 148 33
Boeing 767 3 –2 1 1
Airbus A330-200 5 5 5
Airbus A330-300 17 17 9 8
Boeing 777-200ER 3 3 3
Boeing 777-300ER 10 3 13 3 10
Il-96 5 –5
Wide-body (Long-haul) 43 3 –7 39 21 18
Total 261 30 –29 262 5 200 57
Note: As at 31 December 2015, one Boeing 737 and one Boeing 767 aircraft were out of operation, six An-148 aircraft were being prepared to be returned to the leasing company, three DHC 8-400 aircraft were being prepared for operation; as at 31 December 2014, five Il-96 aircraft and three Mi-8 helicopters were out of operation, eleven Boeing 737 aircraft and one Airbus A320 aircraft were being prepared to be returned to the leasing company.
Aeroflot Group fleet by type of aircraft
Aeroflot Group fleet by type of ownership

Aeroflot Airline Aircraft Fleet

As at 31 December 2015, Aeroflot airline had 170 aircraft including 27 regional aircraft, 108 narrow-body medium-haul aircraft and 35 wide-body aircraft.

In 2015, the fleet was expanded to include new SSJ 100, Boeing 737-800, and Boeing 777-300ER aircraft. Il-96 aircraft, which had been out of operation since 2014, were phased out.

Aeroflot airline aircraft fleet
Type of aircraft 31 December 2014 31 December 2015 Change
SSJ100 16 24 8
DHC 8-400 3 3
Narrow-body (regional) 16 27 11
Airbus A319 7 5 –2
Airbus A320 63 63
Airbus A321 26 26
Boeing 737 6 14 8
Narrow-body (Medium-haul) 102 108 6
Airbus A330 22 22
Boeing 777 10 13 3
Ил-96-300 5 –5
Wide-body (long-haul) 37 35 –2
Total 155 170 15
Note: DHC 8 regional aircraft were purchased by PJSC Aeroflot to be transferred to Aurora airline.
Aeroflot airline fleet by type of aircraft
Aeroflot airline fleet by type of ownership

Subsidiaries Aircraft Fleet

Throughout 2015, subsidiary airlines were optimising their fleet. Orenair was affected the most due to a change in its positioning in the air transportation market. Aurora also continued to optimise its aircraft fleet following changes in the route network.

Subsidiaries aircraft fleet
Type of aircraft 31 December 2014 31 December 2015 Change
Airbus A319 16 16
Airbus A320 11 7 –4
Aн-148 6 6
Boeing 767 3 1 –2
Rossiya airline 36 30 –6
Boeing 737 24 16 –8
Boeing 777 3 3
Orenair airline 27 19 –8
Airbus A319 10 10
Donavia airline 10 10
Mи-8 3 –3
Airbus A320 1 –1
An-24 1 1
Boeing 737 5 3 –2
Airbus A319 6 9 3
DHC (6 и 8) 9 8 –1
Aurora airline 25 21 –4
Boeing 737 8 12 4
Pobeda airline 8 12 4
Total 106 92 –14

Flight Hours

9.5 hours
Aeroflot Group’s flight hours per aircraft in operation per day
5.4 %
growth in Aeroflot Group’s flight hours

Aeroflot Group’s fleet expansion drives improvement in operating performance. In 2015, Aeroflot Group’s flight hours increased by 5.4% y-o-y to 859.6 thousand hours. Aeroflot airline posted a 7.2% increase in flight hours to 594.8 thousand following the expansion of its operations.

In 2015, Aeroflot Group’s flight hours per aircraft in operation per day averaged 9.5, up 2.2% y-o-y. The growth was driven by subsidiaries’ fleet optimisation and an increase in the share of narrow body aircraft. Aeroflot airline’s average flight hours per aircraft in operation per day increased by 1.9% to 10.3 hours.


Flight hours, thousand hours
Flight hours, thousand hours
Average flight hours per aircraft in operation per day, hours
Average flight hours per aircraft in operation per day, hours
Note: The number of aircraft in operation in the reporting year is calculated as the average of the number of aircraft as at the start and the end of the period.

Fuel Efficiency

High fuel efficiency is an important benefit of the young fleet. Fuel costs account for a major part of an airline’s expenses. Their share in Aeroflot Group’s 2015 operating costs amounted to 25.4%. New airliners feature various technical solutions, which enable a reduction in fuel and other operating costs. Specifically, since 2014 Aeroflot has been operating the most advanced Airbus A320 Family airliners equipped with new aerodynamic wing tips (sharklets). Their main advantage is a 4% reduction in fuel consumption (according to Airbus), increased flight range, and improved takeoff performance.

Operating a young aircraft fleet enabled optimisation of maintenance costs and reduced environmental footprint through much lower harmful CO2 and NOx emissions to the atmosphere.